The process of welding needs deep knowledge through which the welder is able to fabricate the metal pieces. But there is one thing that we need to take care of on priority is safety, because the welding process involves high current supply, High heat, exposure to UV and IR radiation and exposure to fumes and gases. Let's discuss these issues in detail and what precautions we need to take to avoid any unfavorable situations.
The high current supply in the welding process is necessary to join two metal pieces together and that is possible only when these metal pieces come to a melting point. Due to it, the risk of getting an electric shock becomes more. Electric shock is the most serious hazard, stiff by welding and can result in very serious injuries or it can lead to fatalities. To avoid any situation like this the welder should not touch any part of the welding or electrode circuit at the same time as touching the work piece and the welder should wear rubber gloves and shoes.
When the welding process takes place it is very natural that the very intense bloom UV light produces, if a welder gets views with naked eyes it can result in a painful as well as long-lasting “ARC EYE” and if the welder practice the same habit which is exposure to arc flashes it can result in cataracts & to loss of vision, because very minute metal pieces, spark & dust particles can enter into eyes. To dodge the situation, the welder should wear a protective Arc Shield Black glass mask that can prevent him from any serious vision issues.
A welder is exposed to many invisible gaseous fumes, nitrogen oxides, chromium, nickel oxides and carbon monoxide during the welding process which can easily penetrate into the lungs of the welder. These fumes and gases can result in severe health damages (Pneumonia, Asthma, Cancer, Lung & throat irritation, etc) to bypass this situation. Welders should wear a protective mask.
An appropriate PPE kit consists of a Welding helmet with side shields, Respirators, Fire-resistant clothing, Ear protection, Boots and Gloves. The welder should never roll up the sleeves while welding or remove the helmet while welding.