Forehand vs. Backhand Welding Techniques: Choosing the Right Method

Published on 20 January 2024

5 min

 

Forehand and Backhand Welding Techniques

Stick welding push or pull, travel angle welding definition, work angle welding definition Welding, a process that involves joining two or more metal pieces together to form a strong bond, is  crucial in the manufacturing and construction industries. It can be done using various techniques, such as tack welding, spot welding, gas welding, seam welding, electron beam welding, laser welding,  arc welding,  backhand welding and forehand welding.

Of these, forehand and backhand welding are two of the most popular welding techniques used.

In this blog, we will explore these two techniques, including their definitions, features, pros and cons, and their applications and uses.

 

PARAMETERS FOREHAND WELDING BACKHAND WELDING
Definition

 

Forehand welding is a welding method where the torch or electrode is moved in the direction of the weld.

In other words, the welding operator moves the torch in front of the weld pool while welding.

Forehand welding is a technique that is commonly used for welding thin materials.

 

Backhand welding is a welding technique  where the torch or electrode is moved against the direction of the weld.

In other words, the welding operator moves the torch away from the weld pool while welding.

Backhand welding is commonly used for welding thicker materials.

 

Push vs Pull Welding

It is a push welding technique. The welder pushes the torch or electrode in the direction of the weld, which creates a pool of molten metal that fuses the two pieces of metal together.

Pushing the torch or electrode allows for better visibility of the weld pool, making it easier to control the arc and maintain a consistent weld.

 

Backhand welding is a pull technique. The welder pulls the torch or electrode away from the weld as they move along the joint.
Features

Forehand welding produces a smooth, consistent weld, making it ideal for thin materials.

It is also a relatively fast welding method, allowing for efficient welding operations.

Additionally, forehand welding is less likely to cause defects like porosity and undercutting.

 

Backhand welding is ideal for welding thicker materials. It produces a deeper penetration, resulting in a stronger weld.

Backhand welding is also less likely to cause weld spatter.

Pros
Forehand welding has several benefits, including faster welding speed, smoother welds, and fewer defects.
Backhand welding has several benefits, including the ability to weld thicker materials, deeper penetration, and less weld spatter.
Cons

Forehand welding is not suitable for welding thicker materials as it can result in an uneven weld.

Additionally, it can lead to a shallower weld bead and lower deposition rates compared to backhand welding.

 

Backhand welding can result in uneven welds on thinner materials, and can result in less penetration.

Also, it is a slower welding method compared to forehand welding.

Applications and Uses

Forehand welding is commonly used in various industries, including automotive, aerospace, and construction, to weld thin materials.

It is also used in welding applications that require high welding speed, such as stick welding and SMAW, among others.

Backhand welding is commonly used in various industries, including shipbuilding, pipelines, and heavy equipment manufacturing, to weld thicker materials.

It is also used in welding applications that require stronger welds, such as SMAW and GTAW.

 

Forehand or Backhand: Which welding technique should you opt for?

When choosing the best welding technique for you, consider the material and position of the weld, as well as your skill level and professional expertise.
If you are working with thinner materials, forehand welding may be the best option. If you are working in an overhead position or need a stronger weld, backhand welding may be the better choice.
However, it is important to practise both techniques and experiment to see which one feels more comfortable and produces the desired results.

D&H Sécheron offers a wide range of welding products and services that cater to various industries' needs. Contact us today to learn more about how we can help you with your welding needs.

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